The term "Swedish model" has arisen in connection with the formation of Sweden as one of the most developed in the socio-economic states. He appeared in the late 60's, when foreign observers began to celebrate the successful soche-tanie Sweden rapid economic growth with broad policy reforms in the social background of the relative free society. This image of a successful term and tranquility Sweden especially when contrasted strongly with the growth of social and political conflicts in the world.
Now the term is used in different meanings and has different meanings depending on the fact that it is invested. Some note сме-shanny of the Swedish economy, which combines the market and government regulation, the dominant private property in the area of production and socialization of consumption.
Another characteristic of post-war Sweden - the specificity of relations between capital and labor in the labor market. For decades, an important part of the Swedish reality was centralized collective bargaining in wages, with the participation of powerful organizations of trade unions and businessmen as the main actors, the policy of trade unions based on the principles of solidarity between different groups of workers.