среда, 1 июля 2009 г.

The Swedish model part 3

Among the specific factors, it is inherent in Sweden, it is necessary to include non-modified neutral foreign policy with 1814., Non-participation in both World War tries, a record for length of stay in power, Social Democratic Workers' Party, the historical tradition of peaceful transition to the new formations yes in particular from feudalism to capitalism, long-term well-gopriyatnye and stable development of economy, the dominance of reformism in the working motion approving these principles in its relations with the capital (they had become a symbol of the agreement between the leadership of trade unions and entrepreneurs-in lyami Saltsjöbaden in 1938 ), the search for compromises on the basis of the interests of various parties.

The economic impact of the development of a culture and historical background. An integral part of Swedish tradition is pre-preneurial. Even from the time of the Vikings in the Swedish company known for pro-production of weapons and jewelry. The first company in the world --
"Strura Kopparberg (founded over 700 years ago) was introduced in Sweden and is still included in the dozen largest exporters of the country.

The successful functioning of the economic system depends on the evolution of prices, the competitiveness of Swedish industry and economic growth. In particular, inflation - as a threat to equality, and the competitiveness of the Swedish economy. It should be used such methods of maintaining full employment, that does not lead to inflation and adverse impact on the economy. As shown, the dilemma between unemployment and inflation has been the Achilles heel of the Swedish model.

Since the mid 70-ies in response to the growing competition for foreign markets and have a deep economic crisis of the country marked oslozh-nilos, and the Swedish model has become a misfire. In particular, some industries, fell into a deep structural crisis, began to receive public assistance, in very large scale. But despite the gloomy predictions of many economists, Sweden was able to emerge from the crisis. The continued uninterrupted since 1983 economic growth showed that the Swedish model has been able to adapt to changed conditions and has shown its viability.

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